IDAHO SECRETARY OF STATE
ELECTION DIVISION


IDAHO INITIATIVE HISTORY

The initiative and referendum were written into the Idaho Constitution by amendments in 1912. They were policies of the Populist wave of that era. It took the Idaho legislature 21 years to implement those constitutional provisions. The laws setting up the mechanics by which the people could initiate a law, or refer a law written by the legislature to the people for approval or rejection, were enacted by the 1933 legislature.

The right of initiative and referendum is found in Article III, Section 1 of the Idaho Constitution. Title 34, Chapter 18 contains the statutory procedures pertaining to the initiative and referendum.

DATE ISSUE DESCRIPTION YES % NO % RESULT
11/6/12 REFER 1
Referendum to approve or reject legislation limiting negotiated agreements between teachers and local school boards and ending the practice of issuing renewable contracts.
277,102 42.7 371,224 57.1 Law
Rejected
  REFER 2
Referendum to approve or reject legislation providing teacher performance pay based on state-mandated test scores, student performance, hard-to-fill positions and leadership.
272,939 42.0 376,689 58.0 Law
Rejected
  REFER 3
Referendum to approve or reject legislation amending school district funding, requiring provision of computing devices and online courses for high school graduation.
215,800 33.3 432,667 66.7 Law
Rejected
11/7/06 INIT 1
An initiative increasing public funding for education.
204,381 45.4 245,563 54.6 Defeated
  INIT 2
An initiative restricting eminent domain and regulatory takings.
105,778 23.9 336,083 76.1 Defeated
11/5/02 INIT 1
An Initiative defining tribal video gaming machines and providing for amendment of State-Tribal Gaming Compact providing for their use.
232,986 57.8 170,097 42.2 Approved
  REFER 1
Referendum reinstating term limits for elected state, county, municipal and school district officials through ballot access restrictions.
203,005 50.2 201,116 49.8 Term Limits Remain Repealed
11/3/98 INIT 1
Initiative allowing congressional candidates to sign term limits pledge; informs voters on the ballot if candidate signs or breaks pledge
192,390 54.7 159,615 45.3 Approved
11/5/96 INIT 1
Initiative to limit property taxes to one percent (1%) of value subject to assessment and providing exceptions
180,678 37.1 306,818 62.9 Defeated
  INIT 2
Initiative to prohibit the use of dogs or bait while hunting black bear and to limit the bear hunting season
194,750 40.2 289,752 59.8 Defeated
  INIT 3
Initiative requiring legislative and voter approval of agreements for the receipt of additional radioactive waste and nullifying prior agreement
182,710 37.5 304,886 62.5 Defeated
  INIT 4
Initiative instructing candidates for state legislature and u.s. congress to support congressional term limits; requires statement indicating non-support on ballot
267,973 56.1 210,108 43.9 Adopted
11/8/94 INIT 1
An act establishing state policies regarding homosexuality
202,681 49.6 205,754 50.4 Defeated
  INIT 2
Initiative establishing term limits for elected federal, state, county, municipal and school district officials
234,703 59.4 160,748 40.6 Adopted
11/3/92 INIT 1
Limiting ad valorem property tax rates to one percent (1%) of market value
163,690 34.5 311,159 65.5 Defeated
11/4/86 INIT 1
Establishing State Lottery Commission
226,816 60.0 151,132 40.0 Adopted
  REFER 1
Concerning retention of Right-To-Work Law
208,248 54.0 177,069 46.0 Law
Approved
11/6/84 INIT 1
Initiative exempting food for human consumption from sales tax
186,505 47.0 210,054 53.0 Defeated
11/2/82 INIT 1
Initiative providing 50% or $50,000 residential tax exemption
168,895 56.5 130,062 43.5 Adopted
  INIT 2
Initiative authorizing the practice of denturitry and establishing licensing board
197,756 65.2 105,436 34.8 Adopted
  INIT 3
Initiative supporting future generation of electricity through nuclear energy
175,407 60.5 114,408 39.5 Adopted
11/7/78 INIT 1
Restricting governmental ability to change property valuations or taxes
164,817 58.3 118,102 41.7 Adopted
11/5/74 INIT 1
Sunshine Law for political funds and lobbyist activity disclosure
178,705 77.6 51,707 22.4 Adopted
11/3/70 INIT 1
Legislative pay
132,511 59.2 91,372 40.8 Adopted
11/8/66 REFER 1
Should 3% sales tax imposed by 1965 Legislature be approved
156,109 61.2 99,048 38.8 Law
Approved
11/4/58 INIT 1
Right-To-Work Initiative. Right to employment regardless of labor organization membership or non-membership
118,718 49.4 121,790 50.6 Defeated
11/2/54 INIT 1
Regulate dredge mining in Idaho
174,377 85.3 30,102 14.7 Adopted
11/5/46 INIT 1
Anti Gambling Act
69,144 44.6 85,797 55.4 Defeated
  INIT 2
Local Option Prohibition Act
54,402 35.0 100,951 65.0 Defeated
  INIT 3
The Idaho Sobriety Act
59,199 38.3 95,450 61.7 Defeated
11/3/42 INIT 1
Senior Citizens Grants Act
75,090 68.0 35,344 32.0 Adopted
11/5/40 INIT 1
County Option Liquor Control Act
70,544 38.4 112,972 61.6 Defeated
  INIT 2
Idaho Sobriety Act
75,563 42.5 102,186 57.5 Defeated
11/8/38 INIT 1
Idaho Fish and Game Commission Act
118,448 76.0 37,442 24.0 Adopted
11/3/36 REFER 1
Adoption of two percent sales tax (HB 76, 1935)
68,728 47.7 75,468 52.3 Law
Rejected

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